What is SAT and how it is structured?

College Board (USA)
The College Board is a not-for-profit membership association whose mission is to connect students to college success and opportunity. Founded in 1900, the association is composed of more than 5,000 schools, colleges, universities, and other educational organizations. Each year, the College Board serves seven million students and their parents, 23,000 high schools, and 3,500 colleges through major programs and services in college admissions, guidance, assessment, financial aid, enrollment, and teaching and learning. Among its best-known programs are the SAT®, the PSAT/NMSQT®, and the Advanced Placement Program® (AP®). The College Board is committed to the principles of excellence and equity, and that commitment is embodied in all of its programs, services, activities, and concerns.
Test Structure
The SAT Reasoning Test is a measure of the critical thinking skills you'll need for academic success in college. The SAT assesses how well you analyze and solve problems—skills you learned in school that you'll need in college. The SAT is typically taken by high school juniors and seniors.
Each section of the SAT is scored on a scale of 200—800, with two writing sub scores for multiple-choice and the essay. It is administered seven times a year in the U.S., Puerto Rico, and U.S. Territories, and six times a year overseas.
SAT Question Types
The critical reading section
Formerly known as the verbal section, includes short reading passages along with the existing long reading passages. Analogies have been eliminated, but sentence-completion questions and passage-based reading questions remain.
TimeContentItem TypesScore
70 min. (two 25-min. sections and one 20-min. section)Critical reading and sentence-level readingReading comprehension, sentence completions, and paragraph-length critical reading200-800
Math Topics
The SAT includes expanded math topics, such as exponential growth, absolute value, and functional notation, and place greater emphasis on such other topics as linear functions, manipulations with exponents, and properties of tangent lines.Important skills formerly measured in the quantitative comparison format, such as estimation and number sense, will continue to be measured through the multiple choice and student response (grid-in) questions.
TimeContentItem TypesScore
70 min. (two 25-min. sections and one 20-min. section)Number and operations; algebra and functions; geometry; statistics, probability, and data analysisFive-choice multiple-choice questions and student-produced responses200-800
Writing Section
The writing section includes both multiple-choice questions and a direct writing measure in the form of an essay.
TimeContentItem TypesScore
60 min.Grammar, usage, and word choiceMultiple choice questions (35 min.) and student-written essay (25 min.)200-800
Short Essay
  • The short essay measures your ability to:
    • Organize and express ideas clearly
    • Develop and support the main idea
    • Use appropriate word choice and sentence structure
  • You'll be asked to develop a point of a view on an issue, using reasoning and evidence — based on your own experiences, readings, or observations — to support your ideas.
  • The essay will be scored by trained high school and college teachers. Each reader will give the essay a score from 1 to 6 (6 is the highest score) based on the overall quality of the essay and your demonstration of writing competence.

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